Photo by TPS on 20 October, 2019

Saudis Seek to Reboot Temple Mount’s Status Quo With Peace Deal

Public By Baruch Yedid/TPS • 14 August, 2023

Jerusalem, 14 August, 2023 (TPS) -- The timing was not accidental when Saudi Arabia announced over the weekend that its ambassador to Jordan will also take on the roles of ambassador to the Palestinian Authority and consul general in eastern Jerusalem.

The announcement came days after the Wall St. Journal reported that the US and Saudi officials have agreed on the general outlines of an agreement to normalize relations with Israel.

Although the idea of a Saudi consulate for the Palestinians in eastern Jerusalem was quickly shot down by Israeli Foreign Minister Eli Cohen on Sunday, Saudi and Palestinian officials who spoke to the Tazpit Press Service said, “The Saudi move is an indication of the possibility of an agreement to normalize relations between Israel and Saudi Arabia soon and is a signal to the entire region.”

But Saudi and Palestinian officials also told TPS, “Saudi Arabia wishes to signal to Jordan that it considers itself entitled to set foot in the Al Aqsa Mosque in east Jerusalem, which would make the crown prince and the Al Saud dynasty responsible for the 3 holy places of Islam: Mecca, Medina and Al Aqsa.”

Saudi sources stressed to TPS that the religious issue is critical in the eyes of the Saudi royal palace, which must deal with a large group of Saudi princes and dignitaries who do not look favorably on Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s pivot towards the West.

For several years, Saudi Arabia has been signaling to Jordan that it intends to replace Amman as custodian of the Jerusalem’s Temple Mount.

Since the Six-Day War of 1967, day-to-day administration of the Temple Mount has been overseen by the  Islamic Waqf, a religious trust, while Israel is responsible for security. However, the Israel-Jordan peace treaty of 1994 placed the Waqf under the purview of the Jordanian monarchy. As custodian of the Temple Mount, the Jordanian monarchy funds the Waqf and appoints its leadership.

Encroaching in Jerusalem

Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas visited Jordan’s King Abdullah in Amman on Tuesday and according to Arab reports, the two discussed their concerns about what they consider Saudi encroachment in Jerusalem.

In a conversation with TPS, a Waqf official warned, “The Jordanian weakness since King Abdullah ascended to the throne, is being exploited by the Muslim Brotherhood and by their main patrons, Qatar and Turkey, and it is not liked by the Saudis, who tend to interfere in the management of the holy place for Muslims.”

The source added that both the Waqf and the PA are “concerned” and “disturbed” with the way King Abdullah treats his position as custodian of the Temple Mount and his “lack of vigorous action” over the holy sites.

“Unlike his father, King Hussein, [King Abdullah] transferred the Al-Aqsa case to other officials at home. The monarchy, which is unable to be a significant authority, vis-a-vis the Muslim Brotherhood and the Turks, which led to the weakening of the Waqf.”

During the Islamic holy month of Ramadan, which overlapped with the week-long Jewish Passover holiday, Palestinians incited by Sheikh Raed Salah of the Muslim Brotherhood-aligned Northern Branch of the Islamic Movement barricaded themselves inside the Al-Aqsa Mosque. Israeli officials had appealed to Amman not to allow Palestinians to spend the night in the mosque, given the prevailing security tensions at the time.

The source also told TPS that “in response to this, officials from eastern Jerusalem previously turned to the Saudis so that they would act as a counterweight to Turkey, which is operating in the Old City and in the holy places.”

The Israel-Turkey diplomatic thaw is paving the way for the Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA) to resume its activities to undermine Israeli sovereignty in eastern Jerusalem and boost Turkish influence in the city.

The Saudis are reportedly seeking American security guarantees regarding Iran and advanced weapons and US assistance to develop a civilian nuclear program.

In conversations with TPS, sources close to the Saudi and Israeli leadership have made conflicting comments on Palestinian linkage.

According to the Gulf sources, the Saudis are conditioning normalization with progress on the Palestinian front, but the Israeli sources say Riyadh has made no such stipulations.